Shakespeare in Styriadirected by Nicholas Allen and Roberta Brown The play opens with two tribunes discovering the commoners of Rome celebrating Julius Caesar 's triumphant return from defeating the sons of his military rival, Pompey. The tribunes, insulting the crowd for their change in loyalty from Pompey to Caesar, attempt to end the festivities and break up the commoners, who return the insults.
Julius Caesar A successful military leader who wants the crown of Rome. Unfortunately, he is not the man he used to be and is imperious, easily flattered, and overly ambitious. He is assassinated midway through the play; later, his spirit appears to Brutus at Sardis and also at Philippi.
Casca Witness to Caesar's attempts to manipulate the people of Rome into offering him the crown, he reports the failure to Brutus and Cassius. He joins the conspiracy the night before the assassination and is the first conspirator to stab Caesar.
Calphurnia The wife of Julius Caesar; she urges him to stay at home on the day of the assassination because of the unnatural events of the previous night as well her prophetic dream in which Caesar's body is a fountain of blood. Marcus Antonius Mark Antony He appears first as a confidant and a devoted follower of Caesar, and he offers Caesar a crown during the feast of Lupercal.
He has a reputation for sensuous living, but he is also militarily accomplished, politically shrewd, and skilled at oration. He is able to dupe Brutus into allowing him to speak at Caesar's funeral and by his funeral oration to excite the crowd to rebellion.
He is one of the triumvirs, and he and Octavius defeat Brutus and Cassius at Philippi. A soothsayer He warns Caesar during the celebration of the feast of Lupercal to "beware the ides of March. Marcus Brutus A praetor; that is, a judicial magistrate of Rome.
He is widely admired for his noble nature. He joins the conspiracy because he fears that Caesar will become a tyrant, but his idealism causes him to make several poor judgements and impedes his ability to understand those who are less scrupulous than he.
Brutus defeats Octavius' forces in the first battle at Philippi, but loses the second battle and commits suicide rather than be taken prisoner. Cassius The brother-in-law of Brutus and an acute judge of human nature, Cassius organizes the conspiracy against Caesar and recruits Brutus by passionate argument and by deviously placed, forged letters.
He argues that Antony should be assassinated along with Caesar, that Antony should not speak at Caesar's funeral, and that he Cassius and Brutus should not fight at Philippi, but he eventually defers to Brutus in each instance.
He is defeated by Antony at the first battle of Philippi, and he commits suicide when he mistakenly believes that Brutus has been defeated. Cicero A senator and a famous orator of Rome. He is calm and philosophical when he meets the excited Casca during the night of portentous tumult proceeding the day of the assassination.
The triumvirs have him put to death. Cinna The conspirator who urges Cassius to bring "noble" Brutus into the conspiracy; he assists by placing some of Cassius' forged letters where Brutus will discover them.
Lucius Brutus' young servant; Brutus treats him with understanding, gentleness, and tolerance. Decius Brutus The conspirator who persuades Caesar to attend the Senate on the day of the ides of March by fabricating a flattering interpretation of Calphurnia's portentous dream and by telling Caesar that the Senate intends to crown him king.
Metellus Cimber The conspirator who attracts Caesar's attention by requesting that his brother's banishment be repealed, allowing the assassins to surround Caesar and thereby giving Casca the opportunity to stab him from behind.
Trebonius The first of the conspirators to second Brutus' argument that Antony be spared, Trebonius lures Antony out of the Senate House so that the other conspirators can kill Caesar without having to fear Antony's intervention.
Consequently, he is the only conspirator who does not actually stab Caesar. Portia The wife of Brutus and the daughter of Marcus Cato. She argues that those familial relationships make her strong enough to conceal Brutus' secrets, but on the morning of the assassination, she is extremely agitated by the fear that she will reveal what Brutus has told her.
She commits suicide when she realizes that her husband's fortunes are doomed. Caius Ligarius No friend of Caesar's, he is inspired by Brutus' nobility to cast off his illness and join the conspirators in the early morning of the ides of March.
Publius An elderly senator who arrives with the conspirators to escort Caesar to the Capitol. He is stunned as he witnesses the assassination.
Brutus sends him out to tell the citizens that no one else will be harmed. Artemidorus He gives Caesar a letter as the emperor enters the Capitol; in the letter, he lists the conspirators by name and indicates that they intend to kill him, but Caesar does not read it.
This comment intensifies the dramatic tension in the moments immediately prior to the assassination by causing Cassius and Brutus to briefly fear that they have been betrayed. Cinna the poet On his way to attend Caesar's funeral, he is caught up in the riot caused by Antony's funeral oration.
The mob at first confuses him with Cinna the conspirator, but even after they discover their error, they kill him anyway "for his bad verses. He and Antony lead the army that defeats Cassius and Brutus at Philippi.
He is weak, and Antony uses him essentially to run errands. Lucilius The officer who impersonates Brutus at the second battle of Philippi and is captured by Antony's soldiers. Antony admires his loyalty to Brutus and thus he protects him, hoping that Lucilius will choose to serve him as loyally as he did Brutus.
Pindarus At Philippi, he erroneously tells his master, Cassius, that the scout Titinius has been captured by the enemy when the scout has actually been greeted by the victorious forces of Brutus.A summary of Act III, scenes ii–iii in William Shakespeare's Julius Caesar.
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Yes, Julius Caesar gave a big contribution to history.
He conquered Gaul north of the Roman territories in its south, bringing France, Belgium, Holland south of the river Rhine and Germany west of. Augustus did a number of things to help the Roman Empire succeed.
First, he took power over the empire as a whole after the civil war that followed the assassination of Julius Caesar. Julius Caesar - A great Roman general and senator, recently returned to Rome in triumph after a successful military campaign. While his good friend Brutus worries that Caesar may aspire to dictatorship over the Roman republic, Caesar seems to show no such inclination, declining the crown several times.
Julius Caesar study guide contains a biography of William Shakespeare, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
Pompey previously ruled Rome along with Caesar until their alliance fell apart, at which point they went to battle over the right to rule. These papers.
Objects of analysis range from Caesar’s own commentaries on the Gallic wars, through Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar, and images of Caesar in Italian fascist popular culture, to contemporary cinema and current debates about American empire.