In the years that followed the discovery, the island was variously referred to as Guadarcana, Guarcana, Guadalcana, and Guadalcanar, which reflected different pronunciations of its name in Andalusian Spanish. European settlers and missionaries began to arrive in the 18th and 19th centuries, and in the yearthe British Solomon Islands Protectorate was proclaimed which included the island of Guadalcanal.
Guadalcanal, Battle of — The Guadalcanal campaign, unexcelled for sustained violence on land, sea, and in the air in World War IIlasted for six months: August to February The struggle arose because Adm.
King countered a planned Japanese thrust down through the South Pacific to isolate Australia by initiating an offensive following the U.
Radio intelligence showed the Japanese planned to prepare an airfield there to intercept U. The landing by the 1st Marine Division achieved tactical and strategic surprise and seized the nearly completed airfield. Immediately thereafter, in the first of a series of dramatic reversals, a Japanese task force defeated Allied warships off Savo Island and forced the withdrawal of the transports.
The Marines were left isolated.
The airfield, renamed Henderson Field and located in the northwest corner of Guadalcanal, proved a key to the campaign.
From its runway, a conglomerate of Marine, navy, and army squadrons defended the local air space, eventually permitting resupply and reinforcement. Over the next three months, the Japanese sought to recapture Henderson Field with successive counterattacks.
Each time, they were repulsed. The ultimate decision in the campaign came at sea. When the South Pacific theater commander, Vice Adm. Ghormley, faltered, Pacific naval commander Adm. Chester Nimitz replaced him with the dynamic Vice Adm. In a wild series of air and sea battles between 12 and 15 November, Halsey threw in everything he had.
American arms prevailed—barely—at a fearful cost. The Japanese would win another night sea action at Tassafaronga, but they decided to evacuate their surviving troops. This they did successfully in the last week of the campaign in the face of local Allied air and sea superiority, and under pressure of an American ground offensive.
The campaign cost the Japanese over aircraft and 24 warships; American losses were planes and 25 ships.
|Guadalcanal - Wikipedia||In the years that followed the discovery, the island was variously referred to as Guadarcana, Guarcana, Guadalcana, and Guadalcanar, which reflected different pronunciations of its name in Andalusian Spanish.|
|Guadalcanal Campaign||The History Learning Site, 19 May The landing at Guadalcanal was unopposed — but it took the Americans six months to defeat the Japanese in what was to turn into a classic battle of attrition.|
The United States lost an estimated 5, sailors and about 2, soldiers, Marines, and airmen killed in action; the Japanese lost about 30, men. The lasting importance of the U. FrankGuadalcanal, Guadalcanal (indigenous name: Isatabu) is the principal island in Guadalcanal Province of the nation of Solomon Islands, located in the south-western Pacific, northeast of Australia.
The island is mainly covered in dense tropical rainforest and has a mountainous interior. *Guadalcanal, Battle of* (–43).The Guadalcanal campaign, unexcelled for sustained violence on land, sea, and in the air in World War II , lasted for six months: August to February The struggle arose because Adm.
Ernest J. The Guadalcanal Campaign, also known as the Battle of Guadalcanal and codenamed Operation Watchtower by American forces, was a military campaign fought between 7 August and 9 February on and around the island of Guadalcanal in the Pacific theater of World War II.
The Guadalcanal campaign began exactly 76 years ago today and lasted until February of During those seven months, 60, U.S. Marines and soldiers killed about 20, of . The Battle of Guadalcanal took place in when the US Marines landed on August 7th.
The landing at Guadalcanal was unopposed – but it took the Americans six months to defeat the Japanese in what was to turn into a classic battle of attrition.
Battle of Guadalcanal: Battle of Guadalcanal, (August –February ), series of World War II land and sea clashes between Allied and Japanese forces on and around Guadalcanal, one of the southern Solomon Islands, in the South Pacific.
Japanese troops landed on Guadalcanal on July 6, , and began constructing an.